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Download 8th Class History Notes (Unit-1) for Federal Board (FBISE) Islamabad

Download 8th Class History Notes (Unit-1) for Federal Board (FBISE) Islamabad

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Download 8th Class History Notes (Unit-1) for Federal Board (FBISE) Islamabad


[Important] Write two sentences about Queen Victoria.
·        She was daughter of Prince Edward.
·        She was born on 24 May 1819.
·        She inherited throne in the age of 18.

[Very Important] Specify the advantages of communication networks introduced by the British.
As a result of communication networks, there was growth in both agricultural and industrial output. Some of systems developed were Railway system, Roads and irrigation system.

[Important] What was the purpose of Acts 1861 and 1892?
The devolution of powers to Indians was introduced in these Acts. These becomes rules and regulations and Viceroy of India became responsible to implement them.

[Very Important] Who were Minto and Morley?
·        Morley was Secretary of State of India and Governor General.
·        The Earl of Minto, believed to stop revolt in Bengal after partition.
·        They both were British persons deputed in India.

[Very Important] Who was Macaulay?
Macaulay was given the task to prepare and launch an education system in India. A system which interprets British orders to the Indians.

How did the British come into power in the sub-continent?
·        In 1600 East India Company was established in India.
·        British were given permission for trade in India.
·        But after battle of Plassey in 1757 EIC emerge as political power.
·        In 1765 EIC became actual rulers of India.
·        In 1770 British had overpowered Bengal and within 3 years British came into power in sub-continent.

[Important] Elaborate Proclamation Act 1858 in detail.
It was delivered on 1st November 1858. Lord Viscount was appointed as Viceroy of India.
Important features:
·        The policy of acquiring land of native Princess of India was abolished.
·        There would be no interference with the belief of any group.
·        Jobs would be offered to anyone without any race or creed.
·        Due regards would be paid to ancient rights.
·        Indians will abide by all obligations of the treaty of Allahbad.
·        After restoring internal peace in India, the works of public utility and administration would be promoted.
[Very Important] Discuss Wood's Dispatch (1854) and its importance in the British Education Policy.
The first formal educational charter of India was sent by Charles Wood.
·        An education department was to be established in every province.
·        Universities would be established in big cities.
·        At least one government school was to be opened in every district.
·        The Indian natives should be given training in their mother tongue also.
·        Some provisions were made for s systematic method of education from primary level to university level.

[Very Important] Discuss the important points of British Social policy in India.
The British introduced many social reforms which are as under:
Abolition of Satti:
In hindu religion when husband died, his wife also burnt with him. This was called satti. In 1829, this custom was banned by British.
Early-age Marriage:
British passed child marriage restraint law in 1929. This law forbade marriage of boys and girls before 21 and 18 years of age respectively.
Religious Tolerance:
It was major task for British to keep Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Christians under a secular form of government. The rulers built colonies with separate rows of houses and areas. This was accepted in big cities and people developed tolerance for each other.

Mention different Acts passed by the British Government and give one important point of each.
Act of Parliament 1861:
The Governor General was given the power to create provinces for legislative purpose.
Act of Parliament 1892:
Councils can discuss annual financial budget and can question within certain limits to government on matter of public interest.
Act of Parliament 1909:
It effectively allowed the election of Indians to the various legislative councils in India for the first time.
Act of Parliament 1919:
It provided a dual form of government called diarchy for major provinces.



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Download Class Notes: Download 8th Class History Notes (Unit-1) for Federal Board (FBISE) Islamabad
Download 8th Class History Notes (Unit-1) for Federal Board (FBISE) Islamabad
Download 8th Class History Notes (Unit-1) for Federal Board (FBISE) Islamabad
Download Class Notes
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